About Tanzania

Getting to Tanzania is possible by land and air. KLM, British Airways, Ethiopian and Emirites service the county. Service is provided into Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro International Airports. You can also enter via the borders with Malawi, Zambia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Getting to Moshi is also very easy. Various buses and shuttles run on a regular basis from Dar es Salaam, Nairobi and points west. Just tell us where you'll be coming from and we'll show you the best way in.

Population: 37, 849, 1331 million
Area total 945,087 km2
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (approx. USD1 = 1,550 Tshs)
Official Language: Swahili
Calling Code: +255

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world, but is rich in adventure opportunities and hospitality. Tanzania is home to some of the biggest and best national wildlife parks, as well as the highest and third highest mountains in Africa.

In Tanzania, our land is rich in agriculture, most importantly and abundantly, coffee and bananas.

Our people speak Swahili and English, as well as many local and traditional tribal languages. About 120 tribes live in the country. Most of the national parks and mountains are in the Kilimanjaro Region, located in the northern circuit of the country.

Packing for your trip
U shaped neck pillow
Magazines
Toiletries
Snacks
Music player
Eye shades, ear plugs
Melatoninorother sleep aid
Critical climbing gear (if luggage is delayed)

Documents
Passport
Yellow Fever Certificate
Tanzanian Visa (available at the airport or border)
Medical insurance
Address book
Vaccination records
Cash, MasterCard, Visa (Travellers' Checks are problematic)
Maps, Guide Book

Make copies of passport, visa, airline tickets. Leave one set of copies at home and bring one set with you. Tanzania was a German colony until World War I, when it became a trusteeship territory until 1961, when Tanzania became an independent country under Julius Nyerere. The mainland of the country originally was called Tanganyika, but Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which had been separate countries, combined and were collectively named Tanzania. Zanzibar is an island off the east coast, located in the Indian Ocean, rich in spices and more tropical, with an Arab influence and more Muslim population.

In the Kilimanjaro Region, the Chagga is the largest tribe. Chagga people are very traditional, have large smiles, and enjoy singing and dancing. The vast majority of Chagga are Christian. In Tanzania overall, 40-45% are Christian, 35-40% Muslim, and the remainder follow traditional religions.

One tribe often associated with East Africa is the Maasai. The Maasai people are found only along the Tanzania/Kenya border. They are a nomadic people who often have large herds of cattle and tend to remain true to their tribal traditions. The Maasai often are associated with their warrior status, their vibrant colored fabrics, their tall, beautiful statures, as well as their dances, villages, body decoration and beaded ornamentation.

The natural resources of Tanzania are few. Tanzanite is a semi-precious gemstone found only in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania.

Tanzania is a safe and peaceful African country, with few to no tribal wars. The capital is Dodoma, while the largest city where much government activity occurs is Dar Es Salaam. Tanzania is a democracy, with Ndugu Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of the CCM Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi – ‘Party of the Revolution’) currently holding the office of president.

Tanzania also is often considered the birthplace of mankind. Footprints of the first humanlike species were found at Olduvai Gorge, near Ngorongoro Crater. They are approximately three million years old.



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